Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is often referred to as the “father of the Indian Constitution.” He was the chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee and played a pivotal role in the drafting of the Indian Constitution, which was adopted on November 26, 1949. Ambedkar was a jurist, political leader, and social reformer who fought for the rights of disadvantaged groups in India, including Dalits (formerly known as “untouchables”). He is considered one of the greatest leaders in Indian history and is revered as a hero by many in India.
What is the Indian constitution?
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. It is a living document, which has undergone several amendments since it was first adopted in 1950.
The Constitution of India is the longest-written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, consisting of 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules, and 117 amendments. It is also one of the most comprehensive constitutions, covering a wide range of topics including the structure of the government, the powers and duties of the government and its various branches, the rights and duties of citizens, and the directive principles of state policy.
The Constitution of India is the basis for the legal and political system of the country and is a fundamental document that shapes the direction and development of India as a nation.
What are the rules and regulations of the Indian constitution?
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950.
The Constitution of India is divided into 25 parts and 12 schedules. It contains 444 articles in total and 12 schedules. Some of the important features of the Constitution of India are:
- Federal Structure: The Constitution of India provides for a federal structure of government, with a division of powers between the Union Government (also known as the Central Government) and the State Governments.
- Fundamental Rights: The Constitution of India guarantees certain fundamental rights to all citizens, such as the right to equality, the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to life and personal liberty, the right to freedom of religion, and the right to education. These rights are enforceable by the courts, and any violation of these rights can be challenged in court.
- Directive Principles of State Policy: The Constitution of India also lays down certain directive principles of state policy, which are not enforceable by the courts but are considered fundamental in the governance of the country. These principles include the promotion of international peace and security, the promotion of education, and the protection of the environment.
- Separation of Powers: The Constitution of India provides for a separation of powers between the three branches of government – the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary. This is intended to ensure that no one branch of government becomes too powerful.
- Emergency Provisions: The Constitution of India also contains provisions for declaring a state of emergency in the country in case of war, external aggression, or armed rebellion. During a state of emergency, the Union Government is granted additional powers to deal with the situation.
These are just a few of the rules and regulations contained in the Constitution of India. The Constitution is a detailed and comprehensive document that provides the framework for the governance of the country.
Who built and what are the aims of Indian constitution
The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the members of the Provincial Assemblies. The Constituent Assembly was set up in 1946 by the British Government, following the Cabinet Mission Plan, to discuss and draft a constitution for India. The Constituent Assembly was composed of 389 members, who were elected by the Provincial Assemblies. The Assembly held its first meeting on 9 December 1946.
The main aim of the Constituent Assembly was to draft a constitution for an independent India. The Constituent Assembly was charged with the task of transforming India from a British colony into a sovereign democratic republic. The members of the Constituent Assembly came from diverse backgrounds and had different ideologies, but they worked together to draft a constitution that would be acceptable to all sections of society.
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950. It is a document that embodies the aspirations and values of the people of India and sets out the framework for the governance of the country. The Constitution of India is a living document that has been amended over the years to reflect the changing needs and realities of the country. It is the supreme law of the land, and all other laws must be consistent with it.