Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer who lived in the 3rd century BCE. He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, and his contributions to mathematics, physics, and engineering have had a lasting impact on the development of Western science and technology.

Some of Archimedes most notable contributions include:

- Archimedes Principle, which states that the buoyant force on an object submerged in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid that is displaced by the object.
- Archimedes screw, a device used to lift water from a lower to a higher level, which is still used in many forms today.
- Archimedes’ Principle of Leverage, which states that for a lever to balance, the distance from the fulcrum to the weight must be inversely proportional to the distance from the fulcrum to the effort.
- Archimedes’ method of finding the volume of an irregularly shaped object by immersing it in water and measuring the amount of water displaced.
- Archimedes’ work on the properties of levers, pulleys and buoyancy, which laid the foundation for the study of mechanics.
- Archimedes also made significant contributions to mathematics, including the development of the concepts of the measurement of geometric shapes and the calculation of the value of pi.

## When was Archimedes born and when did he die?

Archimedes of Syracuse was born in 287 BCE and died in 212 BCE. He lived during the 3rd century BCE and was an active mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer of his time.

## 3. What famous invention is attributed to Archimedes?

One of the most famous inventions attributed to Archimedes is the Archimedes’ screw. It is a device used to lift water from a lower to a higher level, the screw-shaped blade inside a cylinder which turns when rotated, and it moves the water up the cylinder. It was used for irrigation and other agricultural applications. Archimedes screw is considered one of the most important inventions of the ancient world and is still used in various forms today for irrigation, sewage treatment, and other applications where liquids or granulated solids need to be moved efficiently.

## What are some of the most famous discoveries attributed to Archimedes?

Some of the most famous discoveries attributed to Archimedes include:

- Archimedes Principle: Archimedes is credited with formulating the principle that states that the buoyant force on an object submerged in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid that is displaced by the object.
- Measurement of a sphere and cylinder: Archimedes discovered the relationship between the volume and surface area of a sphere and cylinder, which is now known as the Archimedes’ Principle of Leverage.
- Calculation of pi: Archimedes used geometric methods to approximate the value of pi, which is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.
- Determination of the density of an irregular object: Archimedes developed a method for determining the density of an irregularly shaped object by immersing it in water and measuring the amount of water displaced, this is known as the Archimedes’ Principle of buoyancy.
- Archimedes’ spiral: He discovered this type of spiral while studying the properties of levers and pulleys, it is named after him.
- Archimedes’ Law of levers: Archimedes formulated the concept of the measurement of weight and balance using a lever and fulcrum, which is now known as the Archimedes’ Law of levers.

## How did Archimedes influence mathematics and scientific discovery?

Archimedes had a significant influence on mathematics and scientific discovery in several ways:

- Archimedes made significant contributions to the fields of geometry, physics, and engineering, using mathematical principles and methods to explain natural phenomena.
- Archimedes’ work on the measurement of geometric shapes, such as the sphere and cylinder, laid the foundation for the development of integral calculus.
- Archimedes’ methods for approximating the value of pi and his work on the properties of levers and pulleys were important contributions to the field of mathematics.
- Archimedes’ principle of buoyancy and his method of determining the density of an irregular object were important contributions to the field of physics and have had a lasting impact on the development of engineering and technology.
- Archimedes’ work on levers and pulleys, and his discovery of the Archimedes screw, greatly influenced the development of mechanics and the study of forces and motion.
- Archimedes’ use of experimentation, observation and logical reasoning as a method of scientific inquiry, influenced the development of the scientific method.

All these contributions have had a lasting impact on the fields of mathematics, physics, engineering, and technology and continue to be studied today. Archimedes is widely considered one of the greatest mathematicians and scientists of all time, and his work continues to be an inspiration for scientists and mathematicians today.

## Archimedes contribution in mathematics

Archimedes was a Greek mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to mathematics, physics, and engineering. He is best known for his work on the principles of buoyancy and for developing mathematical methods for determining the volume of irregularly shaped objects. He also made important contributions to the field of geometry, including the development of the method of exhaustion, which allows for the calculation of the area of irregular shapes by breaking them down into smaller, regular shapes. He also made pioneering contributions in the field of mechanics, including the principle of the lever and the concept of specific gravity. Archimedes’ work laid the foundations for calculus and the study of infinite series.