Ghana is a country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. The capital of Ghana is Accra.
Population and economy of Ghana
Ghana has a population of about 31 million people and is the second most populous country in West Africa. The economy of Ghana is primarily driven by the services sector, which accounts for about half of the country’s GDP. Other major sectors of the economy include agriculture, industry, and mining. The main agricultural products of Ghana include cocoa, rubber, and oil palm, while the country’s industrial sector is dominated by the production of food products, textiles, and wood products. Ghana is also rich in natural resources, including gold, oil, and timber.
History of Ghana
Ghana has a long and fascinating history. The area now known as Ghana has been inhabited for thousands of years, and the Kingdom of Ghana was one of the earliest and most powerful empires in West Africa. The kingdom of Ghana was a major trade center and controlled the trans-Saharan trade routes that connected West Africa to the Mediterranean.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Ghana was colonized by the British and became known as the Gold Coast. In 1957, the Gold Coast gained independence from Britain and became the modern nation of Ghana. Since independence, Ghana has established itself as a stable democracy and has made significant economic and social progress. It is now considered one of the more successful and stable countries in Africa.
Divisions of Ghana
Ghana is divided into 10 regions, which are further divided into 170 districts. The 10 regions of Ghana are:
- Greater Accra Region
- Ashanti Region
- Western Region
- Eastern Region
- Central Region
- Volta Region
- Northern Region
- Upper East Region
- Upper West Region
- Bono Region
Each region is administered by a Regional Minister, who is appointed by the President and responsible for the administration and development of the region. The districts are the smallest administrative units in Ghana and are responsible for the delivery of services to local communities.