Denmark is located in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the south, the North Sea to the west, the Kattegat and Skagerrak straits to the north, and the Baltic Sea and Sweden to the east.
Capital of Denmark
The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen (in Danish: København) . It is located on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, which is the largest island in Denmark. The city has a population of around 763,908 people as of 2021, making it the most populous city in Denmark. Copenhagen is known for its well-preserved historic and cultural heritage, which includes centuries-old landmarks such as the Royal Palace, the Amalienborg Palace, and the Little Mermaid statue, as well as modern attractions like Tivoli Gardens, the Rundetårn and the National Museum of Denmark. The city is also a center of business, finance, and culture and is home to many universities, museums, and theaters. It’s also considered a major cycling-friendly city in Europe.
Map of Denmark
Population of Denmark
As of 2021, the estimated population of Denmark is around 5.8 million people.
Currency of Denmark
The currency of Denmark is the Danish krone (DKK). The krone is divided into 100 øre. Coins come in denominations of 50 øre, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 kroner. Banknotes come in 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 kroner denominations. The krone is pegged to the Euro and its exchange rate fluctuates with it.
It’s important to note that Denmark is a member of the European Union (EU) but is not part of the Eurozone, and therefore does not use the Euro as its official currency. However, Euros are widely accepted in Denmark and most shops, hotels, and restaurants will accept them as payment.
Denmark and other countries of the Scandinavian region, Sweden and Norway, have similar currencies, the Swedish Krona and the Norwegian Krone. But they are not interchangeable and should not be used in other countries.
Language in Denmark
The official language of Denmark is Danish. Danish is a Germanic language, which is also spoken in Greenland and the Faroe Islands, which are both parts of the Kingdom of Denmark. English is also widely spoken in Denmark and is taught in schools as a second language.
Culture followed in Denmark
Denmark has a rich and unique culture that has been shaped by its history, geography, and traditions.
Some key aspects of Danish culture include a strong emphasis on equality, democracy, and individual freedom. Danish society values community spirit and social cohesion, and it has a strong welfare system that supports this.
Hygge (pronounced “hoo-gah”) is a Danish word that has no direct translation in English, but roughly means “coziness.” It’s a way of life in Denmark and a characteristic of Danish culture focused on enjoying life’s simple pleasures, spending time with loved ones, and creating warmth, comfort, and contentment.
Food is also an essential part of Danish culture. Traditional Danish dishes include smørrebrød (open-faced sandwiches), frikadeller (meatballs), and stegt flæsk (crisp pork belly) and pastry such as wienerbrod , different types of bread, often with a combination of fish and meat, also porridge and other grains.
Denmark also has a strong tradition of art and design, particularly in the areas of furniture and architecture. Danish architects such as Arne Jacobsen and Jørn Utzon, have made significant contributions to the field, and Danish furniture and home design have a reputation for being both functional and stylish.
Finally, Denmark has a strong literary tradition, and it is the birthplace of famous authors such as Hans Christian Andersen, Karen Blixen, and Piet Hein, who have made significant contributions to the world of literature.
Main religion in Denmark
The main religion in Denmark is Christianity, with the majority of the population being members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark. Christianity was introduced to Denmark in the Middle Ages and has been the dominant religion since then.
As of 2021, around three-quarters of the population are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark, making it the state religion. However, the majority of Danes are not particularly religious, and the country is considered to be one of the least religious countries in the world. There are also significant minorities of other Christian denominations, as well as Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, and Jews. The Constitution of Denmark guarantees freedom of religion, allowing individuals to practice their chosen faith or no faith at all.
Climate of Denmark
The climate of Denmark is temperate maritime, characterized by mild winters and cool summers. The country is influenced by the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, which keeps temperatures mild despite its northern latitude. The average temperature in Denmark during the summer months is around 20°C (68°F), while in the winter, it is around 0°C (32°F).
The country receives relatively high precipitation throughout the year, with the wettest months being October and November. However, rainfall is usually moderate and scattered throughout the year, so there isn’t a specific rainy season. The country also tends to have overcast and cloudy weather, with relatively low annual hours of sunshine.
The country also has winds from the sea, especially the west and southwest, which can be relatively strong, especially in the winter. This, combined with the country’s flat terrain, makes Denmark susceptible to coastal flooding. On the other hand, the sea also helps keep temperatures mild.
In summary, Denmark has a temperate maritime climate with mild temperatures, moderate precipitation, and cloudy weather, with a tendency for coastal wind, especially from the west and southwest.
Attraction of Denmark
Denmark offers a wide range of attractions for visitors, including historical sites, cultural institutions, natural landscapes, and modern architectural and design landmarks. Some of the top attractions in Denmark include:
- Tivoli Gardens: This historic amusement park in the center of Copenhagen is a must-see for visitors to the city. It features gardens, rides, and live entertainment, as well as a variety of restaurants and shops.
- The Little Mermaid: This iconic statue, located on a rock in the harbor of Copenhagen, is based on a fairytale by Hans Christian Andersen and has become a symbol of the city.
- The Viking Ship Museum: This museum in Roskilde, a city west of Copenhagen, houses five original Viking ships that were excavated from nearby Roskilde Fjord.
- Kronborg Castle: This Renaissance-era castle in the coastal town of Elsinore is famous for being the setting of Shakespeare’s play Hamlet.
- Legoland Billund: This family-friendly theme park, located in the town of Billund, features a variety of rides and attractions built from Lego bricks.
- The Rundetårn: A 17th-century tower in the center of Copenhagen, it offers a panoramic view of the city.
- The Viking Centre: A center that offers an authentic Viking experience, with reconstructed Viking houses, ships, and activities such as archery and axe throwing.
- The National Museum of Denmark: This museum in Copenhagen covers Danish history and culture from the Stone Age to the present day.
- Ribe: Denmark’s oldest town, located on the western coast, has a well-preserved medieval center, including half-timbered houses and cobblestone streets.
- Mols Bjerge National Park: The park in the eastern part of the country, offers stunning landscapes, including a chain of hills and forests, making it an excellent spot for hiking and outdoor activities.
Specialty of Denmark
Denmark is known for a variety of specialties, both in terms of culture and industry. Some of the things that Denmark is particularly known for include:
- Design: Denmark is famous for its design traditions, particularly in the areas of furniture and architecture. Danish architects and designers are known for their minimalist, functional, and stylish designs. Some of the most famous Danish designers include Arne Jacobsen, Hans Wegner, and Verner Panton.
- Hygge: Hygge is a Danish word that has no direct translation in English, but roughly means “coziness.” It is a way of life in Denmark and a characteristic of Danish culture focused on enjoying life’s simple pleasures, spending time with loved ones, and creating warmth, comfort, and contentment.
- Literature: Denmark has a strong literary tradition, and is the birthplace of famous authors such as Hans Christian Andersen, Karen Blixen, and Piet Hein, who have made significant contributions to the world of literature.
- Food: Denmark is known for its delicious traditional dishes, including smørrebrød (open-faced sandwiches), frikadeller (meatballs), stegt flæsk (crisp pork belly), and pastry such as wienerbrod, different types of bread, often with a combination of fish and meat, also porridge and other grains.
- Wind Energy: Denmark is known as a global leader in wind energy technology, with over 50% of the country’s electricity being produced by wind turbines. It has the world’s highest per capita capacity of wind energy and has become one of the most ambitious targets for wind energy deployment.
- Bicycles: Bicycle culture is deeply ingrained in Denmark culture, with a high percentage of the population using bicycles as their primary mode of transportation. The infrastructure, including bike lanes and bike parking, is well-maintained and extensive, making it easy and safe to cycle around the country.
- Lego: The Danish toy company, LEGO is one of the most popular and iconic toy brands in the world and it is also known as one of the largest manufacturers of toys in the world, with its own theme park, Legoland Billund.
- Carlsberg: Carlsberg is a Danish brewery founded in 1847 by J. C. Jacobsen and one of the world’s oldest and most well-known beer brands.
- Royal Danish Porcelain: Royal Danish Porcelain is known for its high-quality and handcrafted ceramic products. It’s been producing porcelain items for more than two centuries.
Fact about Denmark
- Denmark is the smallest of the Nordic countries.
- Denmark has the oldest monarchy in the world, dating back to the 10th century.
- Denmark is home to the world’s oldest flag, which dates back to 1219.
- Denmark is considered one of the happiest countries in the world and is frequently ranked high in international surveys on happiness and well-being.
- Denmark has a very low crime rate and is considered one of the safest countries in the world.
- Denmark is known as a global leader in wind energy technology, with over 50% of the country’s electricity being produced by wind turbines.
- Denmark has the highest per capita consumption of ice cream in Europe.
- Bicycles outnumber cars in Denmark, and cycling is a way of life for many Danes.
- Denmark’s flag, called the Dannebrog, is believed to have fallen from the sky during a medieval battle and has been used as the country’s flag ever since.
- Denmark is home to Legoland Billund, the first Legoland park ever built and it still remains one of the most popular tourist attractions.
- Denmark is a flat country, with the highest natural point in the country, the Mols Bjerge, just 170 meters above sea level.