Roe v. Wade is a landmark Supreme Court case that recognized a woman’s right to obtain an abortion under the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The judgment, pronounced on 22 January 1973, ruled that abortion should be allowed up to the point of fetal viability — i.e., the time after which a fetus can survive outside the womb.
What is Roe v. Wade
Roe v. Wade is a legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Texas statute that outlawed abortion, except to save the life of the mother. The Court’s 7-2 decision held that the Texas law was unconstitutional because it violated a woman’s right to privacy.
The case was brought by a woman named Norma McCorvey, who was referred to in the legal proceedings as “Jane Roe.” McCorvey argued that the Texas law was unconstitutional because it violated her right to privacy. The Supreme Court agreed, holding that the right to privacy protected by the Fourteenth Amendment includes a woman’s right to obtain an abortion.
The decision in Roe v. Wade was a significant victory for women’s reproductive rights, as it effectively legalized abortion throughout the United States. The case is still a source of controversy today, with many people holding strong views on either side of the issue.
Who is Norma McCorvey
Norma McCorvey, also known as “Jane Roe,” was the plaintiff in the landmark Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade. The case was brought to challenge a Texas law that made it illegal to obtain an abortion, except to save the life of the mother.
McCorvey was a young woman who became pregnant in 1970 and sought to obtain an abortion. At the time, abortion was illegal in Texas, except in cases where the mother’s life was in danger. McCorvey was unable to obtain an abortion and ultimately gave birth to the child, who was placed for adoption.
In 1971, McCorvey filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the Texas abortion law. She argued that the law violated her right to privacy and her right to make her own decisions about her reproductive health. The case, which became known as Roe v. Wade, made its way to the Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of McCorvey in a 7-2 decision.
The decision in Roe v. Wade was a significant victory for women’s reproductive rights, as it effectively legalized abortion throughout the United States. McCorvey’s case has had a lasting impact on abortion law in the United States and remains a source of controversy to this day.
What is Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution?
The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. It is a part of the Bill of Rights and has played a key role in the legal protections afforded to individuals in the United States.
The Fourteenth Amendment contains a number of provisions that have had a significant impact on the law and legal principles in the United States. The most well-known provision of the amendment is the Equal Protection Clause, which prohibits states from denying any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. This clause has been used to challenge a wide range of discriminatory laws and practices, including those based on race, gender, religion, and sexual orientation.
The Fourteenth Amendment also contains a Due Process Clause, which protects individuals from the deprivation of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. This clause has been used to challenge a wide range of government actions, including the detention of individuals without charge and the confiscation of property without just compensation.
Overall, the Fourteenth Amendment has played a central role in shaping the legal landscape of the United States and has been the basis for many important Supreme Court decisions.
What are the after-effects of Roe v. Wade?
The decision in Roe v. Wade has had a significant impact on abortion law in the United States. Prior to the decision, many states had laws that criminalized or heavily restricted access to abortion. The Supreme Court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade effectively struck down these laws and legalized abortion throughout the United States.
The decision in Roe v. Wade has also had broader implications for women’s reproductive rights and the right to privacy. The Court’s ruling recognized that a woman has a constitutional right to make her own decisions about her reproductive health, including the right to obtain an abortion. This decision has been influential in other cases involving reproductive rights, including cases involving birth control and access to reproductive health care services.
The decision in Roe v. Wade has also been the subject of ongoing political and social controversy. The issue of abortion remains a divisive one, with many people holding strong views on either side of the issue. The decision has been challenged numerous times over the years, and there have been efforts to overturn it or significantly limit its scope. The future of abortion rights in the United States may depend on the outcome of these challenges.