Monkeypox is spread through close contact with an infected animal, such as a monkey, squirrel, or rat. It can also be spread through close contact with a person who has been infected with the virus, such as through contact with their respiratory secretions, such as saliva or mucus, or through contact with their blood, bodily fluids, or skin lesions. The virus can also be spread through the air, although this is less common. It is not known to spread through food or water.
What is monkeypox
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is similar to smallpox, but generally less severe. It is caused by the monkeypox virus and is found primarily in central and west Africa. The disease can affect both humans and animals and is spread through close contact with an infected animal or person. Symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash that develops into painful, fluid-filled pustules. In severe cases, monkeypox can lead to complications such as pneumonia and eye infections, and it can be fatal, although this is rare. There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, and the disease can be difficult to control in areas where smallpox has been eradicated and people have not been vaccinated.
Treatment of monkeypox
There is no specific treatment for monkeypox. Instead, treatment is supportive and aims to reduce symptoms and complications. This may include measures such as pain relief, fever control, and oxygen therapy to help with breathing. It is also important to keep the patient hydrated and to monitor their vital signs. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
There is a vaccine for smallpox, which is similar to monkeypox, that can provide some protection against monkeypox. However, the vaccine is not widely available and is not approved for use in the general population in most countries. The vaccine is only recommended for people at high risk of exposure to monkeypox, such as laboratory workers and researchers who work with the virus, and for people who have been in close contact with someone with monkeypox.
After the effect of monkeypox
After recovering from monkeypox, people may have long-term effects or complications. These can include scarring from skin lesions, changes in skin color, and vision loss due to eye infections. In some cases, people may also experience psychological effects, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as a result of the illness.
It is also possible for people to become infected with monkeypox more than once, although this is rare. In general, people who have had monkeypox develop immunity to the virus and are not likely to get the disease again. However, it is not known how long this immunity lasts, and it is possible for people to become infected with a different strain of the virus at a later time.